Framing Cardiovascular Health for Rural Populations: Community, Innovation, Evidence-Based Practice, and Technology

Abstract

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in the United States. More than twice as many deaths occur due to cardiovascular disease as for all types of cancers combined. Nationally, every year approximately 16 million cases of coronary heart disease are reported (AHRQ, 2005). In 2005 the total cost for all forms of CVD was an astounding $448.5 billion. Furthermore, CVD is associated with many forms of chronic illness which add to the cost and decrease quality of life (AHRQ, 2005).
For these reason CVD has received much attention in health research and health policy arenas (Krumholz et al., 2009; Peterson et al., 2007; Yusuf, Reddy, & Anand, 2002). Findings from studies indicate an overall reduction of heart disease risk and mortality in the past three decades (AHA, 2005). While the amount of research noted throughout the literature is overwhelming and heart disease mortality has fallen, heart disease continues to be the single largest killer of men and women in the United States with continuing evidence of variations and disparities that are yet unexplained.
https://doi.org/10.14574/ojrnhc.v9i2.80
PDF

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:

  1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share (for non-commerical purposes) the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
  2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
  3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).