Rural Resilience in Cancer Survivors: Conceptual Analysis of a Global Phenomenon
Aim: The aims of this analysis are to (1) identify the concept of rural resiliency in cancer survivors in the nursing literature and (2) propose a conceptual framework that may help nurses leverage rural resilience to improve survivorship care.
Background: Rural cancer survivors demonstrate rural resiliency by utilizing aspects of rural culture to improve their psychosocial distress. However, resiliency in rural cancer survivors is poorly understood.
Design: We used Walker & Avants’ concept analysis approach to direct article selection, review, and analysis.
Review methods: We identified a definition, antecedents, consequences, attributes, empirical referents, and related terms, and provide model, contrary, and borderline case examples.
Results: We identified 29 articles that met inclusion criteria. We propose a conceptual model of rural resiliency that is grounded in three domains of rural culture: spirituality, cultural norms, and social capital. Attributes of rural culture within these domains impact a cancer survivor’s psychosocial health, leading to either negative or positive psychosocial outcomes.
Conclusion: A better understanding of how rural resiliency impacts cancer survivors can help clinicians and researchers provide culturally-targeted post-treatment interventions. Our proposed conceptual framework may guide nurse researchers to develop measurement tools that evaluate rural resilience and its impact on health outcomes.
Keywords: rural, cancer survivor, resilience, concept analysis, conceptual framework
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