Healthcare Needs of U.S. Rural Latinos

Abstract

Purpose: From 2000 to 2050, the Latino population in the United States (U.S.) is expected to grow by 273%. Health outcomes vary widely among Latino subgroups and health disparities more adversely affect rural residents. The commonly used “one-size-fits-all” approach assumes that the U.S. Latino population is homogeneous.

Sample, Method: Rural Latinos in four study states: Arizona (AZ), California (CA), Florida (FL) and Texas (TX) were the focus of this study. This research describes changes in the Latino population in rural counties of the U.S. in two dimensions: 1) change in population by number, and 2) change in population by country of origin using data from 2000-2017.

Findings: The following themes emerged: 1) the overall Latino population grew in each state; 2) rural Latino populations in each state also increased but at a higher rate; 3) there is a variety of diversity in the countries of origin of rural Latinos based in each state; and 4) a considerable proportion of Latinos living in rural areas are of unknown Latino origins.

Conclusions: As the largest racial or ethnic minority in rural populations and as the second largest group in the nation, Latino health has a significant influence on the U.S. healthcare system. For nurses, evidence-based strategies can be tailored to address diverse Latino subpopulations to reduce specific disparities for various ethnic populations.

Keywords: nursing, cultural competence, Latino health, Hispanics, rural health, treatment barriers

DOI:  https://doi.org/10.14574/ojrnhc.v21i1.658  

https://doi.org/10.14574/ojrnhc.v21i1.658
PDF

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:

  1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share (for non-commerical purposes) the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
  2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
  3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).