Healthcare Needs of U.S. Rural Latinos

A Growing, Multicultural Population

Authors

  • Cristina Maria Figueroa College of Graduate Studies, University of Central Florida
  • Alexandra Medvin College of Medicine, University of Central Florida
  • Boondaniwon D. Phrathep University of Central Florida
  • Chad W. Thomas College of Sciences, University of Central Florida
  • Judith Ortiz College of Health Professions and Sciences, University of Central Florida
  • Angeline Bushy College of Nursing, University of Central Florida

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14574/ojrnhc.v21i1.658

Abstract

Purpose: From 2000 to 2050, the Latino population in the United States (U.S.) is expected to grow by 273%. Health outcomes vary widely among Latino subgroups and health disparities more adversely affect rural residents. The commonly used “one-size-fits-all” approach assumes that the U.S. Latino population is homogeneous.

Sample, Method: Rural Latinos in four study states: Arizona (AZ), California (CA), Florida (FL) and Texas (TX) were the focus of this study. This research describes changes in the Latino population in rural counties of the U.S. in two dimensions: 1) change in population by number, and 2) change in population by country of origin using data from 2000-2017.

Findings: The following themes emerged: 1) the overall Latino population grew in each state; 2) rural Latino populations in each state also increased but at a higher rate; 3) there is a variety of diversity in the countries of origin of rural Latinos based in each state; and 4) a considerable proportion of Latinos living in rural areas are of unknown Latino origins.

Conclusions: As the largest racial or ethnic minority in rural populations and as the second largest group in the nation, Latino health has a significant influence on the U.S. healthcare system. For nurses, evidence-based strategies can be tailored to address diverse Latino subpopulations to reduce specific disparities for various ethnic populations.

Keywords: nursing, cultural competence, Latino health, Hispanics, rural health, treatment barriers

DOI:  https://doi.org/10.14574/ojrnhc.v21i1.658  

Author Biographies

Cristina Maria Figueroa, College of Graduate Studies, University of Central Florida

BS
Graduate Research Assistant

Alexandra Medvin, College of Medicine, University of Central Florida

BS

Undergraduate Research Assistant

Boondaniwon D. Phrathep, University of Central Florida

MS
Graduate Research Assistant

Chad W. Thomas, College of Sciences, University of Central Florida

BS

Graduate Research Assistant

Judith Ortiz, College of Health Professions and Sciences, University of Central Florida

PdD

Research Associate Professor

Angeline Bushy, College of Nursing, University of Central Florida

PhD, RN, FAAN

Professor & Bert Fish Endowed Chair, Community Health Nursing

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Published

2021-05-03