Characteristics of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS) in a rural clinic population: Tracking with Electronic Medical Health Records (EHR)
Keywords:Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome, electronic medical health records, NAS Characteristics, tracking pediatric NAS
The impact of intrauterine exposure of opioids and other addictive substances on pediatric patients is concerning for health care providers in rural WV. NAS patients must be identified, screened, and treated during the pediatric years to facilitate improved outcomes. The purpose of this research was to evaluate the ability of rural providers to use EHRs to identify, describe, and monitor aspects of NAS across the pediatric health span.
The research team used de-identified data of patients that had the NAS diagnosis from a rural clinic. One hundred fifty-five charts were evaluated. Demographics, clinical characteristics, and developmental milestone status were extracted from charts.
There were differences in characteristics across age groups. Reported secondhand smoke was higher among the 0-3 year olds. Normal BMI percentile was highest among 4-5 year olds. The Ages and Stages Developmental screening was abnormal more in those aged 6-19 years. Foster care was highest among the ages 0-3 years. The 4-12 age groups highest amount of no show visits. Respiratory illness was the most frequent diagnosis and was highest in the 4-5 age group. Eye and ear diagnosis were noted as a recurrent diagnosis in the 4-5 year old group. Diagnosis related to mental health were highest in the 6-18 age group.
The EHR can be used to describe and track special populations such as NAS in rural areas. Tagging and tacking patients with NAS can help primary care providers manage care and anticipate age related health care needs. Tracking high risk populations assures that the patient care is maintained. Tracking no show rates assists providers in assuring that patient’s caregivers are compliant in necessary treatments and referrals. Child Protection can also be involved if medical neglect is noted. EHRs are useful in identifying high risk populations such as NAS to facilitate treatments and continuity of care.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share (for non-commerical purposes) the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).