Purpose: Diabetes self-management education is the cornerstone of type 2 diabetes management. With appropriate education, people living with diabetes can learn to manage their diabetes which could prevent complications. Diabetes prevalence is higher in rural areas compared to urban areas. People living with diabetes in rural areas face significant challenges to care including limited access to diabetes education. The purpose of this pilot study was to develop, implement, and evaluate the effectiveness of diabetes self-management educational modules delivered via iPad devices to increase self-management knowledge levels in adults living with type 2 diabetes mellitus in rural areas.
Sample: Study participants included 30 adults living with type 2 diabetes who visited health promotion clinics in rural communities.
Method: This pilot study involved collaboration between nursing and engineering faculty and students. Ten diabetes self-management educational modules were developed and delivered electronically on iPad devices. The modules were presented to people living with type 2 diabetes mellitus who attended health promotion clinics in rural communities. Participants completed a diabetes knowledge questionnaire before and after educational modules were presented.
Findings: Diabetes knowledge scores showed a statistically significant increase from pre to post-educational intervention.
Conclusions: Diabetes education delivered using modules on iPad devices was effective at increasing knowledge levels of people in rural areas living with type two diabetes. This may be an effective method for people living in rural areas who have limited access to healthcare and diabetes education.
Keywords: Type 2 diabetes, diabetes self-management education, technology, rural
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share (for non-commerical purposes) the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).